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Nouns and adjectives change in Vandalic, just like verbs. However, they only change by number, gender, and case. For an explanation of these terms, please see Verbs. As with verbs, the dual number was lost in the middle Vandalic period.

NumberEdit

CasesEdit

GenderEdit

Vandalic nouns and adjectives come in three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Nouns and adjectives do not have definite or indefinite forms; optionally, one may use the word for "that" to mean "the" (see here), and the numeral “one” for the indefinite article.

Declination tablesEdit

This is how to decline nouns and adjectives (they take on the same endings), with the endings in bold. When you see a word, take off its nominative ending and replace it with the desired one from here if needed.

MasculineEdit

The word used here is kats (cat). Note: some masculine nouns and adjectives will end in –es. When this is the case, take of both letters. So, aples (apple) is, in dative, aplei and not apleei. The exceptions are in accusative and vocative singular, which both come out as aple.

  SingularPlural
nom kats katus
acc kat (no ending) katans
gen katis kata
dat katei katams
voc kat (no ending) katus

FeminineEdit

The example word used here is rōna (secret, rune). The nom and acc cases are the same in forms.

  SingularPlural
nom&acc rōna -
gen rōnus rōna
dat rōnei rōnam
voc rōni rōnēs

NeuterEdit

The example word used here is bladu (leaf, blade). Like with feminine, nom and acc cases are the same in form.

  SingularPlural
nom&acc bladu bladō
gen blados bladeua
dat bladeui bladums
voc bladō bladumes

Comparative and SuperlativeEdit

To form the comparative ( the comparative in English usually puts -er on the adjective; e.g. the comp. of grenen is greener), put -es on the end of the adjective (with no ending), then put the needed ending; the comp. for the fem. nom. sg. of green comes out as grunesa. For the ending -s, make it -es: gruneses. The superlative (the -est form in English, like greenest) uses -ist, then the ending.

Irregular comparatives and superlativesEdit

In this table, a hyphen means that you put the ending there.

  ComparativeSuperlative
guds (good) bates- badist-
uvils (bad) gwerses- gwersist-
mikils (much) meis- meist-

AdverbsEdit

In Vandalic, adverbs are formed by adding -lēks to the end of an adjective: framaþs (strange) becomes framaþlēks (strangely). They decline like nouns and adjectives, too.

The adverb of good (guds) is gwila.

OrderEdit

In Vandalic, adjectives always come after the noun. This was inherited from Italian. For example, a strange cat is kats framaþs, not framaþs kats. As late as Middle Vandalic, though, it was the other way around; this is seen in names. Currently, names are formed as in Middle Vandalic: Grunibladu (green leaf) and not Bladugrunu. It is the same for adverbs and genitive nouns: "Flag of Italy" is fana Etalius and not Etalius fana.


Course

VerbsNouns and AdjectivesPronounsOrthographyDictionarySound changes

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