Nouns and adjectives change in Vandalic, just like verbs. However, they only change by number, gender, and case. For an explanation of these terms, please see Verbs. As with verbs, the dual number was lost in the middle Vandalic period.
Vandalic nouns and adjectives come in three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Nouns and adjectives do not have definite or indefinite forms; optionally, one may use the word for "that" to mean "the" (see here), and the numeral “one” for the indefinite article.
This is how to decline nouns and adjectives (they take on the same endings), with the endings in bold. When you see a word, take off its nominative ending and replace it with the desired one from here if needed.
The word used here is kats (cat). Note: some masculine nouns and adjectives will end in –es. When this is the case, take of both letters. So, aples (apple) is, in dative, aplei and not apleei. The exceptions are in accusative and vocative singular, which both come out as aple.
|acc||kat (no ending)||katans|
|voc||kat (no ending)||katus|
The example word used here is rōna (secret, rune). The nom and acc cases are the same in forms.
The example word used here is bladu (leaf, blade). Like with feminine, nom and acc cases are the same in form.
Comparative and SuperlativeEdit
To form the comparative ( the comparative in English usually puts -er on the adjective; e.g. the comp. of grenen is greener), put -es on the end of the adjective (with no ending), then put the needed ending; the comp. for the fem. nom. sg. of green comes out as grunesa. For the ending -s, make it -es: gruneses. The superlative (the -est form in English, like greenest) uses -ist, then the ending.
Irregular comparatives and superlativesEdit
In this table, a hyphen means that you put the ending there.
In Vandalic, adverbs are formed by adding -lēks to the end of an adjective: framaþs (strange) becomes framaþlēks (strangely). They decline like nouns and adjectives, too.
The adverb of good (guds) is gwila.
In Vandalic, adjectives always come after the noun. This was inherited from Italian. For example, a strange cat is kats framaþs, not framaþs kats. As late as Middle Vandalic, though, it was the other way around; this is seen in names. Currently, names are formed as in Middle Vandalic: Grunibladu (green leaf) and not Bladugrunu. It is the same for adverbs and genitive nouns: "Flag of Italy" is fana Etalius and not Etalius fana.